In the crypto market, though most cryptocurrencies share similar underlying technologies, they are designed based on different economic models known as tokenomics. To be more specific, some cryptos feature a supply that increases over time, while some others have a fixed supply. Yet, a minority of cryptos come with a diminishing total supply that looks deflationary. Such tokens are referred to as deflationary cryptos.
We all know that some cryptos with a fixed supply, such as Bitcoin, are generally deflationary by default. Most members of the Bitcoin community reject inflation because it often represents a loss of value. For instance, a real-world currency issued by the government often controls the entire financial system of the country. If a government frequently issues a large supply of currency via the central bank while setting low interest rates and buying a huge amount of foreign bonds, the country will be prone to a credit crisis and even worse an economic depression.
Before publishing the BTC whitepaper, Satoshi Nakamoto had noticed that real-world currencies issued by the government are subject to inflation, which inspired him to develop an alternative store of value that’s similar to precious metals but is achieved digitally. Bitcoin’s flexible mining difficulty and mining reward mechanisms help it suppress inflation. Meanwhile, the unique design of Bitcoin continues to drive up its value. It should be noted that Bitcoin is deflationary not only because of its fixed supply but also because the block reward is halved about every four years.
Deflationary cryptos like Bitcoin represent not only innovative blockchain architectures and cutting-edge consensus mechanisms but also a broader experiment of moving the deflationary long-term stores of value from the real world to the crypto space.
Normally, the perk of having a deflationary cryptocurrency lies in the fact that as the total supply and the circulating supply decrease, the crypto will become more valuable, and more crypto users will pay attention to the crypto and invest in it.
We could make a token deflationary by burning a certain percentage of the supply, repurchasing and burning some of the tokens, or repurchasing and holding the tokens. The most common method is to burn tokens manually. For instance, CET, the platform-based token of the global crypto exchange CoinEx, is a token that becomes deflationary via repurchasing and burning.
According to the value agreement of CET, CoinEx will repurchase CET every day with 50% of its trading fee income and burn all CET repurchased at the end of each calendar month until the total supply of CET reduces to 3 billion. In the next stage, the exchange will continue to spend 20% of its trading fee income upon CET repurchase and burning until the remaining CET is completely burned.
The total supply of CET is 10 billion, and through continuous efforts, CoinEx has repurchased and burned about 6.3 billion CET, and the current total supply stands at approximately 3.5 billion, according to the data on its official website as of May 19, 2022. As more tokens are repurchased and burned, the CET price had been growing throughout 2021, which attracted the attention of many crypto users. As CoinEx continues to repurchase and burn CET, the circulating supply of this deflationary token will keep dropping, and the value of CET as an ecosystem-based token will also rise over time.
Generally speaking, crypto users prefer deflationary tokens. In the long run, the value of deflationary tokens will increase as their circulating supply continues to drop, or in other words, the net worth of deflationary tokens held by their owners will be on the rise.
From Autonomous Cities to US Presidency: The Future Is Now Film Shows What Blockchain Leaders Think About Governance
The first cinematographic NFT project “The Future Is Now Film” shows what blockchain leaders think of future governance systems: will there be even tighter centralization, a symbiosis of traditional and new methods of control or do we need a totally new governance system to replace the old one?
Answers to these questions can be found in the two latest episodes, “Transforming The Future” and “Aligning The Future”, which were filmed at the AIBC Summit UAE 2021 in Dubai and Blockchance EU conference in Hamburg. Let’s dive deeper and see what futurists think.
Blockchain Is Getting Closer to Traditional Institutions
Several years ago, it would have been a bombshell to see government officials at a blockchain conference. Now, in both the AIBC Summit in Dubai and Blockchance EU conference in Hamburg, government officials are among honorable guests for two reasons. First of all, the scale of the change made them notice the inevitable. Secondly, some of the “decentralized futurists” have joined the ranks of centralized organizations in hopes of making a difference.
For example, H.E. Justin Sun, the founder of TRON, recently became an ambassador to the World Trade Organization on behalf of Grenada, a country in the Caribbean. In his view, cryptocurrency projects today are “way more efficient than the financial infrastructure that we have today” and now he plans to pave the way for mass adoption.
According to Fabian Friedrich, the founder of Blockchance Group, one of the reasons for the Blockchance EU conference to exist is the need to bring together different market players especially the decision-makers who currently govern traditional systems “to take the fear away and show them how positive this movement is, how many chances are in the movement for a better future”.
Some have already achieved tangible progress in establishing the dialogue. Fabian Vogelsteller, co-founder of ERC20 Protocol, shared that negotiations with regulators despite the “back and forth” nature of the process, have already brought positive results because “everybody sees the benefits of this technology” while of course the “old has always had the interest to survive”.
Will Governments Have a Saying?
According to His Excellency Justin Sun, decentralized currencies are more advanced not only on the technological side but also on the philosophical side as they drive the inclusion of smaller countries. That is why it will be only natural for countries to “start to diversify the countries’ reserves” also by building the central bank digital currencies but “the philosophy behind CBDC’s will determine their results”: they could either join a competitive system or “undermine the reputation and the influence in the market in the first place” if they are made to be an appealing asset to use next to cryptocurrencies, for example by simply functioning as a financial tracking tool.
Justin Sun believes that when the barriers of the traditional financial system go down, everyone benefits. But according to Brock Pierce, the 2020 US Presidential candidate from the Bitcoin Foundation, there will be beneficiaries and losers. In his view, Dubai, for example, will be the beneficiary of change because it “is doing a good job recognizing the change and adapting to it” but those who resist the change will suffer:
“Look at Florida and Miami, they are doing a good job… They are the beneficiary of the change. That is what happens when you embrace the future. You get to be part of it. Resist it and it runs you over. The future is coming”
Prominent venture capitalist Tim Draper whose Dad fought in the Korean War has shared a vision of what resistance to change could look like by giving a historical example of North and South Korea as a full government control system versus a “free and open society with democracy” 70 years later:
“Average South Korean now makes 430 times what the average North Korean makes in a year, and that is when you adjust for purchasing power. And the average South Korean is 4 inches taller than an average North Korean. It is pretty clear to me which system works better”
Dubai: Safe Harbor for Innovations
One of the biggest gatherings in the blockchain community held by Eman Pulis & SIGMA Group AIBC Summit UAE 2021 has been held in Dubai a few months prior to Blockchance EU.
Dubai is among the first cities that are “taking a tangible stand into abundance and allowing decentralization to flourish” as it is stated by Miguel Francis-Santiago, the Founder of The Future is Now DAO and the mastermind behind #TheFutureisNowFilm, with initiatives like the UAE Crypto Map. Dubai is “on its way to becoming self-sustainable” by leveraging the power of innovative-based ecosystems. Under the leadership of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, with a plethora of initiatives headed by Dubai Blockchain Center and the work of its CEO Dr. Marwan Alzarouni, creating a safe harbor of innovation.
And the safe harbor has already brought some fresh fruits. Matthias Mende has launched an innovative celebrity marketplace Bonuz Market just after a couple of years of residency in Dubai and now the project allows celebrities around the world to engage with fans within an NFT and Metaverse platform.
Sergej Kunz with 1inch Network bridges the crypto world with traditional banking by working with such regulated institutions like Sygnum Bank. The 1inch Network solution became the deepest liquidity aggregator in the DeFi space: the platform reached over $120 billion in transaction volume since its inception by solving the problem of high entry point and barrier to use cryptocurrencies.
Salim Ismail of OpenExO, former CEO of Singularity University, by creating pilots with such traditional businesses like Procter & Gamble, Gucci and KPMG, created a space where new transformational methods of running a company between exponential organization structure and traditional businesses can now pave the way for preserving synapses of the human brain.
The US Presidency: to the “Belly of the Beast”
According to Ilya Churakov of the decentralized ecosystem Global Digital Club, such bridges need to be built in the “right way” so big opportunities could scale fast and reach mass adoption.
But to learn the “right way” we need to study the old one, believes Brock Pierce, the 2020 US Presidential candidate from the Bitcoin Foundation. He dedicated his utmost energy to running the US presidential campaign during the 2020 Year of COVID, in order to understand the mechanics of the political system better and get ready for the next stage in making actionable change:
“Why would I subject myself to such a thing [as a Presidential Campaign] if I was not committed to following all the way through… Let’s say it was an exploratory mission. To understand the mechanics of the system, you need to go inside the belly of the beast, to learn how to run a national campaign without any of the existing infrastructure… without any of the funding mechanisms that allow politicians to run for office, without a political platform… and to do it in the midst of COVID. My basic training is complete”
According to Crystal Rose Pierce of Sense.Chat, only by “creating the bridge” between traditional systems and the decentralized world can we explore how the interests of different people can be put together for mutually beneficial growth. For the Pierce couple, there is no goal to simply replace the old with the new, there has to be a dialogue.
El Salvador: Dreamland for All Nations
El Salvador has been creating this bridge perhaps like no one else in the current political system, while becoming the first country to make this brave step towards economic freedom. As a country, they seek to voice their opinion, and make their opinion visible despite the pandemic crisis that was happening in the world at the time and a very clear recommendation from the International Monetary Fund in November of 2021 – not to adopt Bitcoin as a legal tender. Nevertheless, they are going forward with the Bitcoin infrastructure in the country as they are seeking economic freedom, the dream of all nations.
William Soriano, a congressman from El Salvador and a prominent Bitcoin advocate, explained how Bitcoin can help other countries by sharing how his homeland plans to “achieve the next level of prosperity”. The first benefit is cutting the unnecessary costs:
“Civil war led to 3 million people leaving the country to the US. Those people send 7000 million dollars yearly of remittances. That makes them pay 400 million dollars in fees to companies such as… Moneygram… Ria etc. And this is just El Salvador, a small country…”
The second step is financial inclusion. In just 3 months, financial inclusion reached 80% in El Salvador, rising from 1.2 million to 3.8 million people having access to a financial system. Finally, the country set up a plan to use natural resources like volcanoes and geothermal energy with the use of “volcano bonds”, a decentralized financial UBI-type instrument.
According to an SDG advocate at the United Nations and the World Economic Forum, Marc Buckley, all countries should follow the example to “stop recreating” a cycle of insanity that leads to financial bubbles following a downturn, on constant repeat – a model Marc believes the world has been viciously revolving around. His Excellency Justin Sun is confident that countries in the Caribbean region will certainly follow the El Salvador example. But we can hardly expect all governments to act and follow this example, so what are the alternatives?
Dying Animal vs. Autonomous Private Cities
Dr Wolfgang Pinegger, founder of GLBRAIN and CEO of GAMB, believes that “centralization is everywhere”: from social media to banking and governments, the only light at the end of the tunnel being cryptocurrencies which might be “the only way to escape the centralization step by step” with a proper use-case.
That is why GAMB Power To The Merchants has developed a solution that solves a major issue in the crypto space – high transaction fees for day-to-day operations. The company has presented a coin with zero transaction fees that will work also in countries where 1$ is a substantial sum for a crypto transaction. This will consequently bring cryptocurrencies closer to mass adoption, and therefore reduce the centralization. In Wolfgang’s view the change might happen quite naturally with a mindshift that is already happening in the younger generation:
“But the young generation has already realized that they do not want to be part of this game… (ed. centralization) and the young generation in itself will just change it. Many people from the centralized world will not even realize until it has happened”
Veronika Kuett, who works on autonomous systems with Tripolis Corp., thinks that centralized money is “the most powerful tool” that the government would not wish to lose, since it allows them to “inflate” and “debase the money of everyone else”. Governments might react with tightening centralization and they might even succeed in the short term. Of course, printing money helps governments pull resources together which means attracting people “to set up control structures”. But in the end, “this animal has cancer and therefore it will die”. That is why there is no need to waste energy on reforming central banking when “we need to rethink governance” to set up new systems instead:
“The strategy is to spend the least amount of energy focusing on old systems but rather build the future, educate people and make them join the new system”
One of the solutions according to Veronika is “to have many thousands of smaller entities where we have bonded communities, where we know each other, we trust each other” to “get rid of this anonymity that we have as residents in a very large nation”. The demand for autonomous private cities is already there with many innovative libertarian thinkers facing the limitations of “government’s ever-changing rules”.
Irina Litchfield of the Global Autonomous Network also shares an opinion that we need to “create new models of living through autonomous lands, agrotech and regenerative farming, blockchain, new space and beyond”. If Mars colonization would make us rethink governance, why should we not start now?
What does the future hold? What sort of future can help humanity reach sustainable goals and how? Follow new episodes of #TheFutureisNowFilm and don’t miss the future through the thoughts and accomplishments of the most innovative minds in the industry. TFIN DAO team and the show’s creator Miguel Francis-Santiago are already working on new episodes filmed in Dubai surrounding the WoW Summit and a 2nd edition of AIBC Summit Dubai 2022 with the support of the NFT-vehicle that will allow for this roving crypto documentary to be featured on such platforms as Netflix, Amazon Prime, and Hulu.
To see the retrospective of the blockchain world’s progress, watch the film series 5 year trailer that sums up the last 5 years with over 20 gatherings around the world that Miguel Francis-Santiago and the team have attended, over 19 episodes have been filmed so far and over 15 countries explored through the lens of The Future is Now Film.
Join the conversation and become a part of the community by supporting TFIN DAO. Be part of the #TheFutureisNowFilm movement – Website | Telegram | Twitter
Top Decentralized Stablecoin Alternatives to USTC (Formerly UST)
The recent cataclysmic crash of the Terra Classic (LUNC; formerly LUNA) left several people bankrupt. South Korean officials reported 8 confirmed suicides due to this blow.
Stablecoins emerged as a way for cryptocurrency investors to park their funds to escape from volatility. USTC (formerly UST) was among the largest stablecoins by market cap and the single largest stablecoin on the Cosmos blockchain.
This is not the first time an algorithmic stablecoin fell below the point of recovery. So much so that the head of the IMF even suggested that stablecoins that are not backed by physical assets are similar to pyramid schemes.
However, a crash as biblical as that of UST was a first for a stablecoin. While history seemed to have indicated this to be an obvious outcome, the utility of UST and the communities around LUNC-UST indicated otherwise.
The Death Spiral – Here’s What Went Wrong
Stablecoins are digital assets whose value is pegged to a fiat currency or other asset. USTC is one such stablecoin, pegged to the US dollar by not backed by it.
LUNC maintained USTC’s price algorithmically, using a mint and burn mechanism. When USTC’s demand-to-supply ratio was high, more LUNC was burnt. Contrariwise, more LUNC was minted when USTC’s supply-to-demand ratio was high. This created an arbitrage opportunity for traders which helped maintain USTC’s price at approximately $1.
However, when the selling pressure became too high for the algorithm to keep up, LUNC began to hyperinflate. It thus sent the entire ecosystem into a death spiral, eventually leading to a point of no recovery. Today, USTC costs less than $0.01 while LUNC is over 99% down from its all-time high.
Decentralized Alternatives – The Way Forward
The failure of algorithmic stablecoins doesn’t mean the end of all possibilities. Instead, they provide us with crucial lessons. One of them is avoiding centralization at all costs. So, here’s a list of non-algorithmic, decentralized stablecoins for you to consider while entering the world of crypto.
USDr is a collateralized, fiat-backed stable token receipt by METL, a first decentralized crypto on-ramp solution native to the Avalanche blockchain.
Since METL’s USDr stable token receipt is collateralized with a 1:1 ratio using USD, it will not be affected by unexpected selling pressures like in the case of LUNC and other algorithmic stablecoins.
The USDr token’s issuance mechanism is designed to have users be the actual issuers of the token, so that they interact with the DeFI ecosystem. This allowed METL to bypass any MTL (Money Transmitter Licensing) requirements and receive exemptions in all the states in the US except NY.
METL does not host any wallets and therefore does not take user’s funds on their balance sheet, which again protects them from a bank run. METL is currently building an SDK to let any developer build a FIAT gateway using METL microservices and plug/play it into any DeFI platform that wants native gateway. METL holds a 20 year patent for this technology issued by the USPTO office.
DAI, a decentralized stablecoin, is a product of MakerDAO, an Ethereum-based peer-to-peer organization facilitating collateralized loans.
Unlike USDC and USDT, DAI is an over-collateralized, crypto-backed stablecoin. This means that the collateral backing this stablecoin is other cryptocurrencies. Moreover, its “over collateralized” nature implies that the value of the collateral backing DAI is greater than DAI’s value. For instance, $1.5 worth of ETH-based (ERC-20) tokens back $1 worth of DAI.
Instead of any centralized, corruptible entity, immutable and tamper-proof smart contracts maintain DAI’s peg to $1 by increasing or decreasing the amount of collateral based on market dynamics.
EOSDT is an over-collateralized, decentralized crypto-backed stablecoin by Equilibrium, a cross-chain money market project in the Polkadot ecosystem.
Users can borrow EOSDT by collateralizing their digital assets in a smart contract with a small interest rate of 1% APR.
The stablecoin also has an insurance mechanism called the “Stability Fund” to shield EOSDT and its holders from extreme market volatility.
Further, the price of EOSDT is maintained at $1 by incentivizing arbitrators. This is similar to USTC’s mechanism. However, unlike USTC, EOSDT is not algorithmic and currently has a collateralization ratio of 281%.
sUSD is a crypto-backed, overcollateralized stablecoin by Synthetix, an ETH-based protocol that facilitates DeFi derivatives trading. sUSD acts as the bridge to trade these on-chain synthetic assets on the Ethereum network.
All synthetic assets on Synthetix are referred to as “Synths” and are denoted by an “s” at the prefix. sBTC, sETH, and sSOL are some examples. Similarly, sUSD is a synthetic stablecoin asset.
RSV is a collateralized stablecoin. However, unlike other tokens mentioned here, RSV employs a hybrid collateralization method. Thus, a combination of fiat and cryptocurrencies back this stablecoin.
RSV is a product of Reserve, a protocol working to offer citizens of countries with high inflation rates a robust inflationary hedge. The Reserve Dollar (RSV) is the stablecoin that facilitates this.
Caution is Wisdom
It’s abundantly clear that you have several alternatives to stablecoins like UST. They are more robust, more reliable, and above all, more decentralized. But despite everything, one can’t stress the importance of due diligence enough in these matters.
You must do your research, thoroughly, before investing in any stablecoin whatsoever. Look closely at the project’s team, their track record, and most importantly, the protocol’s architecture. It’s difficult at times but utterly necessary. Particularly because the crypto domain is still nascent, with much volatility and uncertainty.
New changes are happening every day and you must always be cautious about negative consequences. The storm will, however, be over soon, when the future of finance will shine bright. Stablecoins will define this future, and so can you.
Image by succo from Pixabay
CoinEx Charity Sponsors Consensus2022 MetaGala with Donations to Charitable Education
On June 11, Consensus hosted MetaGala, one of the major events of Consensus 2022 that brings together crypto investors, influencers, and artists from the cultural sector, the crypto space, and the fashion industry. For the last seven years from 2015, Consensus has been the most influential summit in the world of cryptocurrency and blockchain. Consensus launched the MetaGala charity auction on June 11, which marks the first offline event it has hosted since the COVID-19 outbreak. During the event, the NFTs created by big-name artists were auctioned, and the proceeds were donated to blockchain education institutions around the world. It is worth mentioning that CoinEx Charity sponsored and participated in this charity auction.
MetaGala, the inaugural red-carpet event held by Consensus, integrates culture, cryptocurrency, and fashion. The introduction of a charity auction aims to raise money in support of blockchain education charities, working together with youth and underserved communities to train the next class of creative thinkers, developers, and entrepreneurs. uch goals are consistent with its vision, CoinEx Charity is actively involved as a sponsor and a donor.
An event for charitable education
CoinEx Charity, a charitable organization founded in 2022, launched the Multi-Million-Dollar Charity Fund to offer donations and charitable assistance, with a focus on equitable education, humanitarian response, and disaster relief worldwide. This year, CoinEx Charity focuses on equitable education around the world. The organization strives to provide better educational resources for poor children around the world while promoting the balanced development of global education. Since May 26, CoinEx Charity has joined hands with charities in different regions to build charitable reading corners for poor schools in 11 countries, donating over 10,000 books and plenty of school supplies. As it practices inclusive education with real actions, CoinEx Charity promotes equity in global education.
CoinEx Charity sponsored the education-themed charity auction of MetaGala to raise public awareness on equitable education together with influential organizations and individuals and encourage more kind-hearted people and famous persons to contribute to the cause of charitable education worldwide. Attendees will slip among multiple realities to engage with each other. A charity auction of select non-fungible tokens (NFT) from known artists will also be held, as well as an award ceremony recognizing those doing good in the crypto industry. All proceeds from the event will benefit select CoinDesk partner charities, via The Giving Block, that are focused on education, including Code to Inspire, Girls Who Code, Crypto Tutors, and Crypto Kids Camp.
As it keeps empowering charitable education, CoinEx Charity has also been trying to achieve its original goal: help all children gain access to education. The organization will remain dedicated to charitable education, allowing more kids to enjoy the benefits of education. What our society really needs is a kind heart, which will spread the warm sunshine of goodwill to every corner of the world via charity. We are confident that more individuals or businesses will dedicate themselves to the cause of equitable education, help poor children worldwide benefit from quality teaching, and achieve equity in education with love.
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