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An Overview Of Deep Reinforcement Learning

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An Overview Of Deep Reinforcement Learning

Deep reinforcement learning, in which machines may train themselves based on the outcomes of their activities, is one of the most exciting fields of artificial intelligence today. It is one of the most promising fields of artificial intelligence. Read on to learn more about Deep Reinforcement Learning.

What is deep reinforcement learning?

Deep reinforcement learning is an artificial intelligence and machine learning category in which intelligent robots can learn from their behaviors in the same way that humans learn from experience. The fact that an entity is rewarded or penalized based on its activities is inherent in this sort of machine learning. Actions that lead to the desired end are rewarded (reinforced).

A machine learns through trial and error, making this concept perfect for dynamic, ever-changing surroundings. While reinforcement learning has been present for decades, it was only later that it was paired with deep learning, which produced spectacular results.

Applications of Deep Reinforcement Learning

AI toolkits for training

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AI toolkits for training

AI toolkits like OpenAI Gym, DeepMind Lab, and Psychlab are offering the training environment required to launch large-scale deep reinforcement learning innovation. These open-source technologies are used to train DRL agents. We will continue to witness tremendous development in practical applications as more organizations employ deep reinforcement learning for their distinct business applications.

Manufacturing

Intelligent robots are increasingly being used in warehouses and fulfillment centers to filter through millions of products and distribute them to the correct recipients. When a robot selects a gadget to place in a container, deep reinforcement learning assists it in learning whether it succeeded or failed. It will make better use of this knowledge in the future.

Automotive

Deep reinforcement learning will be powered by a diversified and huge dataset from the automobile industry. It is already being used for autonomous vehicles and will help alter factories, vehicle maintenance, and total industry automation. The sector is driven by quality, safety, and cost, and DRL will bring new ways to enhance quality, save money, and have a greater safety record by combining data from consumers, dealers, and warranties.

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Finance

Its goal is to use artificial intelligence, especially deep reinforcement learning, to be good investment managers than people and to analyze trading methods.

Healthcare

Deep reinforcement learning has enormous potential to transform healthcare, from selecting optimal treatment options and diagnosis to clinical studies, new drug research, and automatic treatment.

Bots

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Deep reinforcement learning is used to fuel the conversational UI approach that enables AI bots. Because of deep reinforcement learning, bots are quickly learning the intricacies and semantics of language across many areas for autonomous speech and natural language understanding.

The prospect of deep reinforcement learning has sparked a lot of interest. Since this subset of AI learns by interacting with its surroundings, the possibilities are virtually limitless.

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Artificial Intelligence

IoT Connect: How To Manage Connected Assets Efficiently

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IoT Connect: How To Manage Connected Assets Efficiently

In the telecom industry, proper connectivity is the most important foundation. Especially today, in times of online globalization, the amount of different devices exchanging information with each other is tremendous. And that provides a lot of problems to deal with. IoT Connect was design to manage this process. Care to learn more?

The basics

Right on the start, we should explain the term itself. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept by which clearly identifiable objects can directly or indirectly collect, process or exchange data via a smart electrical installation or a computer network. The concept is used in the processing industry, city management, healthcare, home appliances… almost everywhere, really. Including telecommunication business.

Device identity management

A cellphone. Personal computers. ATMs at your bank. Every electronic device is using online communication these days. While doing so, they receive a unique digital identity. IoT solutions are used to control and manage these identities along with the devices themselves.

An average smart home has some IoT devices, too. Heating system, for example, with remote access that can be achieved by device communication. It needs to be properly managed, don’t you think? And what about more critical devices like security locks? IoT telecommunications apply to them as well.

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How to do it right

By implementing iot connect software. Be advised that many hardware companies and different system integrators alongside other solution providers are already accustomed to this IoT platform. It is a part of their daily routine because they understand how important management of connected assets really is.

It allows anyone to automate their activities with self-service and contact libraries in order to boost up response and overall efficiency levels that follow it. Especially, when their devices don’t seem to operate in a way they are supposed to.

What are the benefits for the telecom industry?

Comprehensive IoT projects provide stability for users, yes. But they also provide a way to sell more IoT telecom services composed of a particular device, connectivity capabilities and IoT applications with different everyday-use features. Clearly, this is the way a company specialized in telecommunications can connect itself with customers on a deeper level. That can render opportunities for new enterprises, enabling tools for better quality of services and profits to be gained from them. Telecom IoT solutions are therefore something worth looking into, don’t you agree?

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Is Developing Human Brain Cells-Based AI Models Ethical?

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Is Developing Human Brain Cells-Based AI Models Ethical?

Exploring the ethical choices of brain cell-based AI models in the recent future

In December 2021, Melbourne-based Cortical Labs grew groups of neurons (brain cells) that were incorporated into a computer chip. The resulting hybrid chip works because both brains and neurons share a common language: electricity. In silicon computers, electrical signals travel along metal wires that link different components together. In brains, neurons communicate with each other using electric signals across synapses (junctions between nerve cells). In Cortical Labs’ Dishbrain system, neurons are grown on silicon chips. These neurons act as the wires in the system, connecting different components. The major advantage of this approach is that the neurons can change their shape, grow, replicate, or die in response to the demands of the system. Dishbrain could learn to play the arcade game Pong faster than conventional AI systems. The developers of Dishbrain said: “Nothing like this has ever existed before, it is an entirely new mode of being. A fusion of silicon and neuron.”

Cortical Labs believes its hybrid chips could be the key to the kinds of complex reasoning that today’s computers and AI cannot produce. Another start-up making computers from lab-grown neurons, Koniku, believes its technology will revolutionize several industries including agriculture, healthcare, military technology, and airport security. Other types of organic computers are also in the early stages of development. While silicon computers transformed society, they are still outmatched by the brains of most animals. For example, a cat’s brain contains 1,000 times more data storage than an average iPad and can use this information a million times faster. The human brain, with its trillion neural connections, is capable of making 15 quintillion operations per second.

This can only be matched today by massive supercomputers using vast amounts of energy. The human brain only uses about 20 watts of energy or about the same as it takes to power a lightbulb. It would take 34 coal-powered plants generating 500 megawatts per hour to store the same amount of data contained in one human brain in modern data storage centers. Companies do not need brain tissue samples from donors, but can simply grow the neurons they need in the lab from ordinary skin cells using stem cell technologies. Scientists can engineer cells from blood samples or skin biopsies into a type of stem cell that can then become any cell type in the human body.

People will no doubt be much more willing to donate skin cells for research than their brain tissue. One of the barriers to brain donation is that the brain is seen as linked to your identity. But in a world where we can grow mini-brains from virtually any cell type, does it make sense to draw this type of distinction? If neural computers become common, we will grapple with other tissue donation issues. In Cortical Lab’s research with Dishbrain, they found human neurons were faster at learning than neurons from mice. Might there also be differences in performance depending on whose neurons are used? Might Apple and Google be able to make lightning-fast computers using neurons from our best and brightest today? Would someone be able to secure tissues from deceased geniuses like Albert Einstein to make specialized limited-edition neural computers?

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Such questions are highly speculative but touch on broader themes of exploitation and compensation. Consider the scandal regarding Henrietta Lacks, an African-American woman whose cells were used extensively in medical and commercial research without her knowledge and consent.

Henrietta’s cells are still used in applications that generate huge amounts of revenue for pharmaceutical companies (including recently to develop COVID vaccines. The Lacks family still has not received any compensation. If a donor’s neurons end up being used in products like the imaginary Nyooro, should they be entitled to some of the profit made from those products?

As recently discussed in a study there are no evidence neurons on a dish have any qualitative or conscious experience so cannot be distressed and without pain receptors, cannot feel pain. Neurons have evolved to process information of all kinds – being left completely unstimulated, as currently done all over the world in labs, is not a natural state for a neuron. All this work does is allow neurons to behave as nature intended at their most basic level. Humans have used animals to do physical labor for thousands of years, despite often leading to negative experiences for the animals. Would using organic computers for cognitive labor be any more ethically problematic than using an ox to pull a cart? We are in the early stages of neural computing and have time to think through these issues. We must do so before products like the “Nyooro” move from science fiction to the shops.

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How Can An Algorithm Tell The Emotions Of A Pig?

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How Can An Algorithm Tell The Emotions Of A Pig?

Is it possible to comprehend what a pig is feeling when it screeches or grunts? A group of scientists from Switzerland, Denmark, Germany, France, Norway, and the Czech Republic have discovered a means to decipher pig language. Researchers were able to capture the feelings of the pigs using artificial intelligence in the study released in Scientific Reports by collecting their songs in various settings.

The AI pig translator, which identifies a pig’s emotion through oinks, snuffles, grunts, and squeals, helps in better treatment of these animals on farms.

Using 7,414 noises from 411 pigs, the researchers created an algorithm to determine if the pigs were experiencing good, negative, or mixed emotions.

The recordings were made in a variety of scenarios encountered by commercial pigs, both favorable and bad, from birth to death.

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Positive occurrences include piglets sucking from their mothers and being reunited with their families after being separated.

Separation, piglet battles, castration, and killing were among the emotionally draining scenarios.

“We show in this research that animal noises can provide important information about their emotions.” “We also show that an algorithm can be used to analyze and understand pig emotions, which is a big step toward bettering animal welfare in farming,” says Elodie Briefer in a report published by The Guardian.

The researchers discovered more high-frequency calls, like screeches or grunts, in negative situations after examining over 7000 audio recordings to determine whether there was a pattern in the noises while experiencing specific emotions.

Simultaneously, low-frequency noises such as barks and grunts were heard in instances where the pigs were experiencing positive or negative emotions. The authors found the circumstances between the extremes to be particularly intriguing. The researchers discovered a new pattern after a more thorough analysis of the sound data that indicated what the pigs felt in specific scenarios in greater detail.

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